|Bribery||Misuse of Official Position||Conflict of Interest|
|Vote Buying||Influence Peddling||Nepotism||Trading in Know-How and Insider Information|
|Illegal Financing of Political Parties||Revolving Door Effect||State Capture|
|What is this?||
Influence peddling is a form of bribery where the beneficiary is not necessarily an official. What matters is the social or professional position: although the beneficiary cannot make the decision, he or she can use his or her position to influence the decision-maker.
The use of influence is different from influence peddling in that the influencer or a third party may not necessarily have got a backhander for their influencing activity.
|Here is an example:||
A police officer uses his or her official position to help a friend collect a debt from a third person by means of self-help.
A driving school examiner takes a bribe, promising to speed up the process of getting a driving licence for the citizen. The examiner talks to the head of the school and asks the citizen to be exempt from the theory test.
A company gives cash to a minister’s adviser in return for buying influence from the minister, using which the latter would help make sure that the company gets a satellite telephone licence.
Penal Code §298-1
Anti-Corruption Act §17