According to the Anti-corruption Act, the authority has the right to establish the obligation to submit a declaration only in case there are no measures that are more efficient for prevention of the risk of corruption. Therefore, there is often a question about more efficient measures, and there is no single answer to this question. We suggest some possible measures for the so-called standard organisation (at the same time, however, there are specific measures of law enforcement agencies, for example).
1. An employee may be asked to inform the authority about holdings in companies, other employment contracts, and other ancillary activities (this is mandatory for officials). Under certain conditions, it is possible to restrict and prohibit ancillary activities.
2. An employee may be asked to declare his or her rights ad hoc. This means that a declaration should be submitted shortly before a decision. For example, a member of the procurement committee declares interests and relations with the participating companies or NGOs even if there is no formal basis for withdrawal (e.g. he or she is a member of a congregation with hundreds of members, but the decision does not entail personal benefits for him or her). In case of public procurements, interests could be declared in two stages: firstly, when establishing the conditions (e.g. participation in training funded by a potential tenderer, although it is not yet known whether this company participates in the procurement at all) and secondly, when evaluating the tenders.
3. It is possible to make inquiries about an employee from public databases without having to submit a declaration to be disclosed.
4. The authority should identify processes in which there is a higher risk of corruption (this should be the starting point).
5. Typical situations of conflict of interests should be identified (accepting gifts, influencing, participating in training that has been paid by some third person, etc.) and agree on the principles of behaviour and/or establish procedures. See also case examples of conflict of interests and solutions. See also case examples of conflict of interests and solutions, and the good practices of an official as a trainer.
6. The employees should be trained to ensure that the information about avoiding conflict of interests and preventing corruption would be available to them.